Author(s): Anolik JH, Blumberg N, Snider J, Francis CW
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Posttransfusion purpura (PTP) is characterized by severe thrombocytopenia following blood transfusion that results from alloimmunization to platelet-specific alloantigens. Most cases involve antibodies against HPA-1a in homozygous HPA-1b persons. CASE REPORT: A patient developed PTP after cardiopulmonary bypass associated with a platelet-specific antibody with strong reactivity against HPA-5a (Br(b)). Geno-typing confirmed that the patient was homozygous for HPA-5b. CONCLUSION: This is the first well-documented occurrence of PTP associated with isolated allosensitization to HPA-5a or Br(b). The case highlights the importance of maintaining a high level of suspicion for PTP in the appropriate clinical setting, even in an atypical patient.
This article was published in Transfusion
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports