Author(s): Martin DD, Beauchamp E, Berthiaume LG
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Abstract Myristoylation corresponds to the irreversible covalent linkage of the 14-carbon saturated fatty acid, myristic acid, to the N-terminal glycine of many eukaryotic and viral proteins. It is catalyzed by N-myristoyltransferase. Typically, the myristate moiety participates in protein subcellular localization by facilitating protein-membrane interactions as well as protein-protein interactions. Myristoylated proteins are crucial components of a wide variety of functions, which include many signalling pathways, oncogenesis or viral replication. Initially, myristoylation was described as a co-translational reaction that occurs after the removal of the initiator methionine residue. However, it is now well established that myristoylation can also occur post-translationally in apoptotic cells. Indeed, during apoptosis hundreds of proteins are cleaved by caspases and in many cases this cleavage exposes an N-terminal glycine within a cryptic myristoylation consensus sequence, which can be myristoylated. The principal objective of this review is to provide an overview on the implication of myristoylation in health and disease with a special emphasis on post-translational myristoylation. In addition, new advancements in the detection and identification of myristoylated proteins are also briefly reviewed. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biochimie
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics