alexa [Posttraumatic meningitis: incidence, bacteriology, and outcomes].
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis

Author(s): Kallel H, Chelly H, Ghorbel M, Bahloul M, Ksibi H,

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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to search for the incidence, the responsible organisms and the favoring causes of death of post-traumatic meningitis (PTM). METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted over a seven-year period (January 1st, 1996 - December 31, 2002) in the ICU and the neurosurgery department of the Habib-Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia. RESULTS: Over the study period, 38 patients presented PTM (0.96\% of patients hospitalized for head injury), 92\% of them had received antibiotic prophylaxis on admission. Mean time between head injury and the diagnosis of PTM was 9+/- 8 days (range: 2-34 days). The most common isolated organisms were multidrug resistant A. baumanii, and K. pneumoniae and reduced susceptibility S. pneumoniae. Factors predictive of prognosis in the 14 days following the diagnosis of meningitis were Glasgow coma score (GCS) on the day of diagnosis of PTM, absence of nuchal rigidity, CSF protein, CSF/blood glucose ratio, and S. pneumoniae as the causal agent of PTM. CONCLUSIONS: Antibioprophylaxis in patients with head trauma must be avoided to prevent the emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria when PTM occurs. GCS on the day of diagnosis of PTM, CSF protein concentration, CSF/blood glucose ratio, and S. pneumoniae as the causal agent of PTM are predictive factors of mortality of patients with PTM.
This article was published in Neurochirurgie and referenced in Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis

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