alexa Postural neurocognitive and neuronal activated cerebral blood flow deficits in young chronic fatigue syndrome patients with postural tachycardia syndrome.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Author(s): Stewart JM, Medow MS, Messer ZR, Baugham IL, Terilli C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Neurocognition is impaired in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We propose that the impairment relates to postural cerebral hemodynamics. Twenty-five CFS subjects and twenty control subjects underwent incremental upright tilt at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75° with continuous measurement of arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV). We used an n-back task with n ranging from 0 to 4 (increased n = increased task difficulty) to test working memory and information processing. We measured n-back outcomes by the number of correct answers and by reaction time. We measured CBFV, critical closing pressure (CCP), and CBFV altered by neuronal activity (activated CBFV) during each n value and every tilt angle using transcranial Doppler ultrasound. N-back outcome in control subjects decreased with n valve but was independent of tilt angle. N-back outcome in CFS subjects decreased with n value but deteriorated as orthostasis progressed. Absolute mean CBFV was slightly less than in control subjects in CFS subject at each angle. Activated CBFV in control subjects was independent of tilt angle and increased with n value. In contrast, activated CBFV averaged 0 in CFS subjects, decreased with angle, and was less than in control subjects. CCP was increased in CFS subjects, suggesting increased vasomotor tone and decreased metabolic control of CBFV. CCP did not change with orthostasis in CFS subjects but decreased monotonically in control subjects, consistent with vasodilation as compensation for the orthostatic reduction of cerebral perfusion pressure. Increasing orthostatic stress impairs neurocognition in CFS subjects. CBFV activation, normally tightly linked to cognitive neuronal activity, is unrelated to cognitive performance in CFS subjects; the increased CCP and vasomotor tone may indicate an uncoupling of the neurovascular unit during orthostasis.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords