Author(s): Inui S, Nakajima T, Fukuzato Y, Fujimoto N, Chang C,
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Abstract Since acne formation is a multistep process accelerated by androgens, we examined whether a new anti-acne antibiotic roxithromycin (RXM) may act as anti-androgen using transient transfection assays in human skin fibroblasts. The result showed no significant effect of 0.5, 1 and 5 microg/ml RXM on 10(-9) M R1881-induced androgen receptor (AR) transcriptional activity. While the cotransfection of exogenous ARA55, a novel AR coactivator, increased AR transactivation up to 2.59-fold, this increase was attenuated by 5 microg/ml RXM to 64.7\%. Semiquantitative RT-PCR results showed that 0.1 mM H(2)O(2) treatment increased ARA55 mRNA expression level, indicating that reactive oxygen species increase the expression of ARA55 in skin. These results suggest that RXM may serve as anti-androgen only in the hypersensitive state to androgen, but not in the physiological state, through modulating end-organ hypersensitive condition to androgen possibly involving the pathway from reactive oxygen species to ARA55.
This article was published in J Dermatol Sci
and referenced in Journal of Cosmetology & Trichology