alexa Potential applications of cytodifferentiation therapy in hematologic malignancies.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Breitman TR, Chen ZX, Takahashi N

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Retinoids, including retinoic acid (RA), are naturally occurring and synthetic analogs of vitamin A that inhibit cell growth and induce cell differentiation in many experimental tumor models. Differentiation of the human myelogenous leukemia cell line HL-60 by RA led to the finding that cells from patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are terminally differentiated by RA. One mechanism for the activity of RA in a variety of cell types involves the RA nuclear receptors (RA receptors [RARs] and retinoid X receptors), which have specific high-affinity binding sites for RA and some of its metabolites. Other mechanisms may also be involved in RA-induced differentiation. Recent studies suggest that RA acylation (retinoylation) may be involved in the RA induction of differentiation in leukemia cells. Combinations of RA with cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-elevating agents led to synergistically induced differentiation of HL-60 cells. The lower doses of RA needed in combination therapy are unlikely to lead to RA resistance, a major limitation of RA therapy in APL. In vitro studies suggest that combinations of RA with either PGE or the butyric acid (BA) prodrug tributyrin (TB) may be useful in differentiation therapy for APL and other malignancies. This is a US government work. There are no restrictions on its use.
This article was published in Semin Hematol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version