Author(s): Kume K, Satomura K, Nishisho S, Kitaoka E, Yamanouchi K,
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Abstract Leptin, a 16-kD circulating hormone secreted mainly by white adipose tissue, is a product of the obese (ob) gene. Leptin acts on human marrow stromal cells to enhance differentiation into osteoblasts and inhibit differentiation into adipocytes. Leptin also inhibits bone formation through a hypothalamic relay. To obtain a better understanding of the potential role of leptin in bone formation, the localization of leptin in endochondral ossification was examined immunohistochemically. High expression of leptin was identified in hypertrophic chondrocytes in the vicinity of capillary blood vessels invading hypertrophic cartilage and in a number of osteoblasts of the primary spongiosa beneath the growth plate. The hypertrophic chondrocytes far from the blood vessels were negative for leptin. Moreover, we detected the production and secretion of leptin by a mouse osteoblast cell line (MC3T3-E1) and a mouse chondrocyte cell line (MCC-5) by RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry, and Western blotting. Leptin enhanced the proliferation, migration, tube formation, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity of human endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. These findings suggest the possibility that leptin exerts its influence on endochondral ossification by regulating angiogenesis.
This article was published in J Histochem Cytochem
and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones