Author(s): Sahni A, Sporn LA, Francis CW
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Abstract Endothelial cell growth is stimulated by fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), and both adhesion and proliferation are modulated by interactions with fibrinogen and fibrin. Previous evidence indicates that FGF-2 binds specifically and with high affinity to fibrinogen and fibrin, suggesting that their effects on endothelial cells may be coordinated. In this study, we have, therefore, investigated the ability of FGF-2 bound to fibrinogen and fibrin to stimulate proliferation of endothelial cells. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured in the presence of FGF-2 with or without fibrinogen, and proliferation was assessed by microscopic examination of cultures, incorporation of [3H]thymidine and by cell counting. Cells cultured in the presence of both FGF-2 and fibrinogen proliferated more rapidly than those with FGF-2 alone and exhibited a decreased population doubling time. At concentrations of FGF-2 up to 150 ng/ml, there was greater endothelial cell proliferation in the presence of fibrinogen than in its absence with the most pronounced effect below 1 ng/ml. The maximum effect of fibrinogen was observed at a molar ratio of fibrinogen to FGF-2 of 2:1, corresponding to the maximum molar binding ratio. Endothelial cells proliferated when plated on fibrin or surface-immobilized fibrinogen with FGF-2, indicating that FGF-2 bound to surface-associated fibrin(ogen) retained activity. We conclude that fibrinogen- or fibrin-bound FGF-2 is able to support endothelial cell proliferation and that fibrinogen potentiates the proliferative capacity of FGF-2.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science