Author(s): Rival Y, Benteau N, Taillandier T, Pezet M, DupontPasselaigue E,
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Abstract Endothelium injury is a primary event in atherogenesis, which is followed by monocyte infiltration, macrophage differentiation, and smooth muscle cell migration. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors now recognized as important mediators in the inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to develop a human endothelial model to evaluate anti-inflammatory properties of PPAR activators. PPAR proteins (alpha, delta and gamma) are expressed in EAhy926 endothelial cells (ECs). Pirinixic acid (Wy-14643), fenofibrate, fenofibric acid, the Merck ligand PPARdelta activator L-165041, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2, but not rosiglitazone (BRL-49653) inhibited the induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), as measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and monocyte binding to activated-EAhy926 cells. The PPARdelta activator L-165041 had the greatest potency to reduce cytokine-induced monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion. All PPAR activators tested which impaired VCAM-1 expression reduced significantly nuclear p65 amount. These results show that EAhy926 endothelial cells are an adequate tool to substantiate and characterize inflammatory impacts of PPAR activators.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science