alexa Practical issues in the evaluation of methods for the prediction of shock outcome success in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Watson JN, Addison PS, Clegg GR, Steen PA, Robertson CE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract There is a need for robust, effective predictors of the outcome from shock for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Such technology would enable the emergency responder to provide a therapy tailored to the patient's needs. Here we report our most recent findings while dwelling intentionally on the rationale behind the decisions taken during system development. Specifically, we illustrate the need for sensible data selection, fully cross-validated results and the care necessary when evaluating system performance. We analyze 878 pre-shock ECG traces, all of at least 10 s duration from 110 patients with cardiac arrest of cardiac aetiology. The continuous wavelet transform was applied to preshock segments of ECG trace. Time-frequency markers are extracted from the transform and a linear threshold derived from a training set to provide high sensitivity prediction of successful defibrillation. These systems are then evaluated on a withheld test set. All experiments are cross-validated. When compared to popular Fourier-based techniques our wavelet transform method, COP (Cardioversion Outcome Predictor), provides a 10-20\% improvement in performance with values of 66 +/- 4 specificity at 95 +/- 4 sensitivity, 61 +/- 4 specificity at 97 +/- 2 sensitivity and 56 +/- 1 specificity at 98 +/- 2 sensitivity achieved for datasets limited to 3, 6, and 9 shocks per patient, respectively. Thus, the assessment of the wavelet marker was associated with a high specificity value at or above 95\% sensitivity in comparison to previously reported methods. Therefore, COP could provide an optimal index for the identification of patients for whom shocking would be futile, and for whom an alternative therapy could be considered. This article was published in Resuscitation and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Donald silverberg
    Is correction of iron deficiency a new addition to the treatment of heart failure?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed Zeidan
    Effects of intravenous iron in chronic kidney disease and heart failure
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ishfaq A Bukhari
    Protective Effect of Diltiazem and Fenofibrate Against Ischemia-reperfusion Induced Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Isolated Rat Heart.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • A Martin Gerdes
    Wrong about β-blockers! Wrong about positive inotropes! Wrong about Thyroid Hormone treatment of Heart Failure?
    PDF Version
  • Fatih Yalcin
    PDF Version
  • Samuel C Dudley
    Novel biomarkers for diastolic heart failure
    PDF Version
  • Abdulaziz U Joury
    Acute Myocardial Infarction as First Presentation among patients with Coronary Heart Disease
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Helena Dominguez
    Can we protect the brain against thromboembolism during open heart surgery? LAACS project
    PDF Version
  • Saverio Gentile
    Ion channels phosphorylopathy: 3rd International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology April 15-17, 2013 A link between genomic variations and heart arrhythmia
    PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version