Author(s): Morgenthaler TI, Kapen S, LeeChiong T, Alessi C, Boehlecke B,
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Abstract Therapies for obstructive sleep apnea other than positive airway pressure, oral appliances, and surgical modifications of the upper airway are reviewed in this practice parameter. Several of these therapies such as weight loss and positional therapy hold some promise. Others, such as serotonergic agents, may gain credibility in the future but lack well-designed clinical trials. No practice parameters could be developed for a number of possible therapeutic modalities that had little or no evidence-based data on which to form a conclusion. The role of an organized, targeted weight-loss program either as a single therapy or as a supplement to PAP needs to be clarified. Although bariatric surgery is increasingly performed for refractory medically complicated obesity, its long-term effectiveness in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in morbidly obese patients is not yet demonstrated. Positional therapy, or methods for preventing sleep in the supine position, has probably been underutilized due to lack of easily measured predictive factors and randomized controlled trials.
This article was published in Sleep
and referenced in Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy