alexa Pravastatin has cholesterol-lowering independent effects on the artery wall of atherosclerotic monkeys.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Williams JK, Sukhova GK, Herrington DM, Libby P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: This study examined the direct effects of pravastatin on the artery wall of atherosclerotic monkeys after dietary lipid lowering. BACKGROUND: Clinical trials suggest that hepatic hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease out of proportion to their effect on angiographically assessed lumen stenosis. METHODS: Thirty-two cynomolgus monkeys were fed an atherogenic diet for 2 years (progression phase) and then fed a lipid-lowering diet either containing (n = 14) or not containing (n = 18) pravastatin in the diet for an additional 2 years (treatment phase). As designed, total plasma cholesterol and high density lipoprotein concentrations did not differ between groups at the beginning of or during the treatment phase of the experiment (p > 0.05). RESULTS: Quantitative angiography revealed that coronary arteries of the pravastatin-treated monkeys dilated 10 +/- 3\%, whereas those from untreated control monkeys constricted -2 +/- 2\% in response to acetylcholine (p < 0.05). There were no treatment effects on plaque size of coronary arteries measured at the end of the treatment phase of the study (0.110 +/- 0.048 mm2 [untreated] vs. 0.125 +/- 0.051 mm2 [pravastatin]; p > 0.05) or on the amount of reduction in plaque size in common iliac arteries during the treatment phase of the study (48 +/- 5\% [untreated] vs. 45 +/- 6\% [pravastatin]; p > 0.05). However, histochemical analysis of the atherosclerotic lesions indicated that the arteries from pravastatin-treated monkeys had significantly fewer macrophages in the intima and media, less calcification and less neovascularization in the intima (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that compared with control monkeys, the arteries of pravastatin-treated monkeys had better dilator function and plaque characteristics more consistent with plaque stability than those of monkeys not receiving pravastatin. These beneficial arterial effects of pravastatin occurred independently of plasma lipoprotein concentrations and despite similar changes in plaque size between the groups.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version