Author(s): Misra S, Sahu NP, Pal AK, Xavier B, Kumar S,
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Abstract The combined effect of dietary carbohydrate type and n-3 PUFA (EPA+DHA) on pre- and post-challenge haemato-immunological responses in Labeo rohita juveniles was studied. Fish were fed for 67days with six different test diets containing either gelatinised (G) or non-gelatinised (NG) corn (43\%) with three levels of n-3 PUFA (0.5\%, 1.0\% and 2.0\%). During the pre-challenge period, significantly higher (P<0.05) NBT, serum lysozyme activity, total protein and globulin content was recorded in the NG carbohydrate fed groups. Highest NBT value was recorded in the groups fed with 1.0\% n-3 PUFA, whereas the highest serum lysozyme activity (P<0.05) was recorded at either 0.5\% or 2.0\% n-3 PUFA fed groups in both the pre- and post-challenge period. Feeding of NG corn significantly increased the total leucocyte count, lysozyme activity, A/G ratio and decreased the total erythrocyte count, haemoglobin, serum total protein and globulin content of L. rohita juveniles during the post-challenge period. Similarly, feeding of n-3 PUFA at any level significantly increased the immunological parameters like lysozyme activity or A/G ratio, whereas total leukocyte count increased due to feeding of either 0.5\% or 1.0\% n-3 PUFA. The NBT and albumin values remained similar in both the pre- and post-challenge period. After challenge with Aeromonas hydrophila, the highest survival was recorded in the NG carbohydrate fed groups, whereas the lowest survival was recorded in the highest level of n-3 PUFA fed group irrespective of dietary carbohydrate type. Thus, a high level of G carbohydrate as well as n-3 PUFA is found to be immunosuppressive in L. rohita juveniles. NG carbohydrate supplemented with 1.0\% n-3 PUFA is found to be optimum to enhance the immunity in L. rohita juveniles.
This article was published in Fish Shellfish Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development