alexa Preclinical antitumor efficacy of S-1: a new oral formulation of 5-fluorouracil on human tumor xenografts.


Otolaryngology: Open Access

Author(s): Fukushima M, Satake H, Uchida J, Shimamoto Y, Kato T,

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Abstract S-1 is a new oral formulation of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) consisted of 1M tegafur, 0.4M 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine that inhibits a degradation of 5-FU, and 1M potassium oxonate that regulates the phosphorylation of 5-FU in the gastrointestinal tract, and has shown excellent antitumor efficacy against various murine tumors in rodents, compared to the oral tegafur-based antitumor drug, UFT (1M tegafur plus 4M uracil), which is used clinically in Japan. To assess the possibility of clinically using S-1, we investigated the antitumor effect of S-1 on various human solid tumor xenografts in athymic rats and mice. In the nude rat system, S-1 was significantly effective against all 12 tumor xenografts tested when its minimum toxic dose (15 mg/kg) was administered for 14 days. Three tumors, stomach (H-81), colon (KM12C) and breast (H-31) markedly regressed in response to treatment with S-1 but not with UFT. The antitumor potency of S-1 was weak against human tumors xenografted into nude mice and likely similar to that of UFT. The reason of the discrepancy in the efficacy of S-1 between rats and mice was found to be that the 5-FU levels in the blood and tumor tissue of rats after oral administration of S-1 persisted much longer than in mice, and this prolonged maintenance of plasma 5-FU levels was significantly related to the potent antitumor activity of S-1. In conclusion, the results of this study suggested that based on its biological and pharmacokinetic characteristics, oral S-1 should be active against various human cancers.
This article was published in Int J Oncol and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access

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