alexa Preconditioning the diabetic heart: the importance of Akt phosphorylation
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Tsang A, Hausenloy DJ, Mocanu MM, Carr RD, Yellon DM

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Conflicting evidence exists whether diabetic myocardium can be protected by ischemic preconditioning (IPC). The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway is important in IPC. However, components of this cascade have been found to be defective in diabetes. We hypothesize that IPC in diabetic hearts depends on intact signaling through the PI3K-Akt pathway to reduce myocardial injury. Isolated perfused Wistar (normal) and Goto-Kakizaki (diabetic) rat hearts were subjected to 1) 35 min of regional ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion with infarct size determined; 2) preconditioning (IPC) using 5 min of global ischemia followed by 10 min of reperfusion performed one, two, or three times before prolonged ischemia; or 3) determination of Akt phosphorylation after stabilization or after one and three cycles of IPC. In Wistar rats, one, two, and three cycles of IPC reduced infarct size 44.7 +/- 3.8% (P < 0.05), 31.4 +/- 4.9% (P < 0.01), and 34.3 +/- 6.1% (P < 0.01), respectively, compared with controls (60.7 +/- 4.5%). However, in diabetic rats only three cycles of IPC significantly reduced infarction to 20.8 +/- 2.6% from 46.6 +/- 5.2% in controls (P < 0.01), commensurate with significant Akt phosphorylation after three cycles of IPC. To protect the diabetic myocardium, it appears necessary to increase the IPC stimulus to achieve the threshold for cardioprotection and a critical level of Akt phosphorylation to mediate myocardial protection.

This article was published in Diabetes. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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