alexa Prediction of instability in distal radial fractures.


Journal of Trauma & Treatment

Author(s): Mackenney PJ, McQueen MM, Elton R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Effective methods of treating an unstable distal radial fracture are described in the literature, but there is no reliable method of identifying an unstable fracture in time to initiate appropriate treatment. The purposes of this study were to identify the predictors of fracture instability and to construct a method of prospectively predicting the radiographic outcome. METHODS: Data on approximately 4000 distal radial fractures were prospectively recorded over a 5.5-year period. The database was validated by reexamining a sample of it. Demographic data on the patients and mode of injury, as well as the fracture classification and measurements, were recorded at the time of presentation. Outcome measures consisted of radiographic measurements made at one week and six weeks and assessment of carpal alignment at six weeks. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the significance of the data obtained at presentation in the prediction of early and late instability as well as the risk of malunion and carpal malalignment. RESULTS: The predictors of early and late instability and malunion differed according to the displacement of the fracture at presentation. Patient age, metaphyseal comminution of the fracture, and ulnar variance were the most consistent predictors of radiographic outcome. Dorsal angulation was not found to be significant in the prediction of radiographic outcome for displaced fractures. The degree to which the patient was independent was predictive of malunion in minimally displaced and displaced fractures. Formulas that are predictive of each of the seven radiographic outcome measurements were constructed. CONCLUSIONS: The study succeeded in identifying the factors that are prognostic of the radiographic outcome for distal radial fractures. Formulas to predict the radiographic outcome were constructed as the independent prognostic significance of these factors was quantified. These formulas can be used to inform the surgeon's decision about the nature of primary treatment of fractures of the distal aspect of the radius. However, they must be validated by further studies before they are used to impact the management of distal radial fractures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic Level I. This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Am and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version