alexa Prediction of short term mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus with time dependent measures of disease activity.
Immunology

Immunology

Rheumatology: Current Research

Author(s): Cook RJ, Gladman DD, Pericak D, Urowitz MB

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of short term mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in terms of time dependent clinical indicators of disease activity from the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI). METHODS: We studied data collected on patients followed at the University of Toronto Lupus Clinic. Clinical and laboratory indicators of disease activity are recorded at each clinic visit and a SLEDAI summary score is calculated. Survival analyses were conducted in which the prognostic value of the time dependent indicators of disease activity was examined on 6-month mortality through a multivariate Cox regression model. Relative risks, confidence intervals, and significance levels were obtained for each indicator to reflect their clinical importance and statistical significance. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 806 patients followed for a median of 6.6 years; 702 (87\%) were female, 671 (83\%) were Caucasian, and the mean age at first clinic visit was 36 years. Seventy-two patients died within 6 months of their last clinic visit. In a univariate regression model, a categorical variable reflecting total SLEDAI score was highly prognostic for mortality (p < 0.001) and yielded increasing relative risks of 1.28 for SLEDAI 1-5 vs 0, 2.34 for SLEDAI 6-10 vs 0, 4.74 for SLEDAI 11-19 vs 0, and 14.11 for SLEDAI > 20 vs 0. In a separate multivariate Cox model examining the individual components of SLEDAI, presence of organic brain syndrome, retinal changes, cranial nerve involvement, proteinuria, pyuria, pleurisy, fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia each significantly increased the risk of death, while new rash and anti-DNA antibodies conferred protective effects. CONCLUSION: This time dependent Cox regression analysis identified the extent to which SLE disease activity, revealed by SLEDAI, is prognostic for short term mortality. Further, important individual components were identified and their prognostic value for death was estimated.
This article was published in J Rheumatol and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords