Author(s): Fetzer BC, Hosseinipour MC, Kamthuzi P, Hyde L, Bramson B, , Fetzer BC, Hosseinipour MC, Kamthuzi P, Hyde L, Bramson B,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of mortality in children on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) who attended the Paediatric HIV Clinic at Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. METHODS: Retrospective case cohort study by chart review of children who had started ART between October 2004 and May 2006. Bivariable and multivariable analysis were performed with and without defaulters to evaluate associations according to vital status and to identify independent predictors of mortality. RESULTS: Forty-one of 258 children (15.9\%) were deceased, 185 (71.7\%) were alive, and 32 (12.4\%) had defaulted: 51\% were female, 7\% were under 18 months, 26\% were 18 months to 5 years, and 54\% were >5 years of age. Most were WHO stage III or IV (56\% and 37\%, respectively). On multivariate analysis, factors most strongly associated with mortality and defaulting were age <18 months [hazards ratio (HR) 2.11 (95\% CI 1.0-4.51)] and WHO stage IV [HR 2.00 (95\% CI 1.07-3.76)]. CONCLUSIONS: To improve outcomes of HIV-positive children, they must be identified and treated early, specifically children under 18 months of age. Access to infant diagnostic procedures must be improved to allow effective initiation of ART in infants at higher risk of death.
This article was published in Trop Med Int Health
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research