Author(s): Newmann SJ, Goldberg AB, Aviles R, Molina de Perez O, FosterRosales AF
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe demographics and contraceptive familiarity and use among postpartum adolescents in El Salvador. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire-guided interviews were conducted in Spanish with 50 postpartum adolescents at an urban, public hospital in El Salvador. Open-ended questions included assessments of education, partnership status, and contraceptive knowledge and use patterns. RESULTS: The median age of subjects was 17 years, 84\% were nulliparous, 80\% had partners, and 6\% were married. Eighty-four percent of the women reported contraception knowledge and 18\% reported contraception use. Educational experience and literacy predicted contraceptive knowledge (P = .008 and .001, respectively), but not use. After delivery and postpartum contraception education, 58\% of the subjects stated intention to use contraception. Having a partner and living with him were predictors of intent to use contraception (P = .001 and .002, respectively). Being single negatively predicted intention to use contraception (P = .001). CONCLUSION: Education and literacy predicted contraceptive knowledge; however, contraceptive knowledge did not predict contraceptive use. Adolescent contraception use depends on more than just contraceptive knowledge.
This article was published in Am J Obstet Gynecol
and referenced in Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health