Author(s): VigilDe Gracia P, OrtegaPaz L
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To review case reports of hepatic hematoma/rupture in women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. METHODS: MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS databases were searched for case reports of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia with hepatic hematoma/rupture. Only articles written in English, Spanish, French, or Portuguese and published between 1990 and 2010 were reviewed. RESULTS: In total, 180 cases of hepatic hematoma or rupture were identified: 18 (10.0\%) with subcapsular hematoma without hepatic rupture; and 162 (90.0\%) with capsule rupture. Twelve (6.7\%) cases were associated with eclampsia plus hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. Average age was 30.9 ± 5.0 years, 74/129 (57.4\%) women were parous, and cesarean delivery was performed in 132/162 (81.5\%) cases. The right lobule was the most frequently affected 77/100 (77.0\%). The total maternal mortality rate was 22.2\% during the 21 years; however, it decreased to 16.4\% in the last decade studied. The perinatal mortality rate was 30.7\% and was very similar during the 2 decades. CONCLUSION: HELLP syndrome is a frequent diagnosis (92.8\%) in hepatic hemorrhage/rupture. The major reduction in maternal mortality rate was probably associated with advances in resuscitation, intensive-care medicine, and surgical intervention, including liver transplantation and arterial embolization. Copyright © 2012 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Int J Gynaecol Obstet
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy