alexa Preferential sphingosine-1-phosphate enrichment and sphingomyelin depletion are key features of small dense HDL3 particles: relevance to antiapoptotic and antioxidative activities.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Kontush A, Therond P, Zerrad A, Couturier M, NgreSalvayre A,

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define heterogeneity in the molecular profile of lipids, including sphingomyelin and sphingosine-1-phosphate, among physicochemically-defined HDL subpopulations and potential relevance to antiatherogenic biological activities of dense HDL3. METHODS AND RESULTS: The molecular profile of lipids (cholesteryl esters, phospholipids, sphingomyelin, and sphingosine-1-phosphate) in physicochemically-defined normolipidemic HDL subpopulations was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography. As HDL particle size and molecular weight decreased with increment in density, molar lipid content diminished concomitantly. On a \% basis, sphingomyelin abundance diminished in parallel with progressive increase in HDL density from HDL2b (12.8\%) to HDL3c (6.2\%; P<0.001); in contrast, sphingosine-1-phosphate was preferentially enriched in small HDL3 (40 to 50 mmol/mol HDL) versus large HDL2 (15 to 20 mmol/mol HDL; P<0.01). Small HDL3c was equally enriched in LpA-I particles relative to LpA-I:A-II. The sphingosine-1-phosphate/sphingomyelin ratio correlated positively with the capacities of HDL subspecies to attenuate apoptosis in endothelial cells (r=0.73, P<0.001) and to retard LDL oxidation (r=0.58, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: An elevated sphingosine-1-phosphate/sphingomyelin ratio is an integral feature of small dense HDL3, reflecting enrichment in sphingosine-1-phosphate, a key antiapoptotic molecule, and depletion of sphingomyelin, a structural lipid with negative impact on surface fluidity and LCAT activity. These findings further distinguish the structure and antiatherogenic activities of small, dense HDL. This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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