Author(s): NiemiMurola L, Immonen I, Kallio H, Maunuksela EL
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Regional anaesthesia has not been recommended as an anaesthetic method for penetrating eye injuries because it is suspected to aggravate the injury already present. After having successfully managed the treatment of a penetrating eye injury under combined peri- and retrobulbar block in an ASA IV patient, it was decided to evaluate this anaesthetic method further in the treatment of such emergency cases. METHODS: Twenty adult patients with penetrating eye injuries with a maximum wound length of 8 mm extending up to 4 mm posteriorly from the limbus were operated on under combined peri- and retrobulbar anaesthesia. Eighteen patients receiving general anaesthesia served as controls. RESULTS: The mean (range) volume injected for a satisfactory peribulbar retrobulbar block was 7.4 (6.5-8.0) mL, six patients needed an additional retrobulbar injection before surgery (2.9, range 2-4, mL). All patients receiving regional anaesthesia were satisfied with the anaesthetic method and the surgeons considered the surgical conditions as good. No problems relating to local anaesthesia were observed or reported by any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: In the hands of an experienced anaesthesiologist and under certain conditions, regional anaesthesia appears to be suitable for adult patients having penetrating eye injuries.
This article was published in Eur J Anaesthesiol
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research