Author(s): Muchlisin ZA, Hashim R, Chong AS
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Abstract The effects of different extenders, and cryoprotectants on the motility of tropical bagrid catfish (Mystus nemurus) spermatozoa were evaluated after short-term storage. Three extenders, physiological saline, Ringer or saline at three levels of sperm to extender dilutions (1:20, 1:30, or 1:40) and four cryoprotectants (DMSO, ethanol, glycerol or methanol) at three concentrations (5, 10, or 15\%) were examined in two separate experiments. In the first experiment, milt was suspended in the respective extender at the three milt to extender dilution ratios in two sets of tubes. Extended milt in the first set of tubes was stored at -4 degrees C, and motility assessed after 24h, while the second set was kept at 23 degrees C and sperm motility was assessed immediately and at 30-min intervals thereafter. Ringer retained sperm motility better than the other extenders at all dilution levels at temperatures of 23 and -4 degrees C respectively. At 23 degrees C, the sperm motility was almost completely lost after 150 min except for those in Ringer at 1:20 dilution level which still had a motility of 18\% (compared to those kept at -4 degrees C for 24, which had motility from 39 to 71\%, regardless of extender). In the second experiment, various cryoprotectants were added to solutions of milt (that was diluted in Ringer at 1:20 ratio and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen for 15 days). Sperm cryopreserved in 10\% methanol had the highest motility (58\%) compared with those in the other cryoprotectants at all concentrations.
This article was published in Theriogenology
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development