Author(s): Ford PM, Brunet D, Lillicrap DP, Ford SE
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Abstract Lupus anticoagulant and antiphospholipid antibodies are associated with thromboembolic phenomena in individuals both with and without systemic lupus erythematosus. A 32-year-old woman (the index case) with lupus anticoagulant, multiple cerebrovascular events, and a family history of premature stroke raised the possibility of a familial diathesis. Histories or interviews, examinations, and blood tests were obtained for 23 members of four generations of her family. Four individuals had suffered strokes and three more had suffered neurologic symptoms. Two living individuals who had suffered strokes, two individuals with neurologic symptoms, and five asymptomatic individuals had antiphospholipid activity in their blood. In addition, a cousin of the index case was found to have systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid activity. Elevated concentrations of von Willebrand factor antigen were found associated with some positive lupus anticoagulant assays, the highest concentrations in the two individuals with stroke. The characteristic presentation of the index case and her good response to treatment suggests that further studies of families in whom antiphospholipid antibodies may represent a risk factor for stroke is worthwhile.
This article was published in Stroke
and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology