Author(s): Xiong C, Yao C
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Abstract In this work, a weakly acidic ion exchange fiber (PTFE-g-AA) has been prepared by 60Co irradiation grafting with acrylic acid (AA) onto the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) fiber. The grafted fiber was characterized by FTIR, SEM and TGA technique. The exchange capacity of the PTFE-g-AA fiber is 3.87 mmol/g. The adsorbent material was employed for Er(III) uptaking by batch and column experiments. Kinetics studies showed that the adsorption process obeyed pseudo-second-order kinetics. The adsorption isotherms followed both the Freundlich model and Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacity of the PTFE-g-AA fiber for Er(III) was evaluated to be 142.0mg/g for the Langmuir model. It was found that 0.75 M HCl-0.25 M NaCl solution provided effectiveness of the desorption of Er(III) from the PTFE-g-AA fiber. Various thermodynamic parameters such as standard enthalpy (DeltaH(0)), standard entropy (DeltaS(0)) and standard free energy (DeltaG(0)) were evaluated. The adsorption of Er(III) on the PTFE-g-AA fiber was found to be endothermic in nature. The Thomas model was successfully applied to experimental data to predict the breakthrough curves and to determine the characteristics parameters of the column useful for process design.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology