Author(s): Vijaya Kumar SG, Mishra DN
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Abstract The poor solubility and wettability of meloxicam leads to poor dissolution and hence showing variations in bioavailability. The present study is aimed to increase solubility and dissolution of the drug using solid dispersion techniques. The solid binary systems were prepared at various drug concentrations (5-40\%) with polyethylene glycol 6000 by different techniques (physical mixing, solvent evaporation). The formulations were characterized by solubility studies, differential scanning calorimetry, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and in vitro dissolution rate studies. The solubility of drug increased linearly with increase in polymer concentration showing A(L) type solubility diagrams. Infrared spectroscopy studies indicated the possibility of hydrogen bonding with polymer. The differential scanning calorimetry and powder X ray diffraction demonstrated the presence of polymer as eutectica or monotectica in solid dispersion along with the physical characteristics of the drug (crystalline, amorphous or a mixture of both). The solid dispersions of the drug demonstrated higher drug dissolution rates than physical mixtures and pure meloxicam, as a result of increased wettability and dispersibility of drug in a solid dispersion system.
This article was published in Yakugaku Zasshi
and referenced in Journal of Applied Pharmacy