alexa Preparation of a novel monoclonal antibody against the antimalarial drugs, artemisinin and artesunate.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Tanaka H, Putalun W, DeEknamkul W, Matangkasombut O, Shoyama Y

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Abstract A monoclonal antibody (MAb) 1C1 against artemisinin was prepared by a cell fusion with splenocytes and aminopterin-sensitive myeloma cells, SP2/0. An artesunate-BSA conjugate was used as immunogen to raise antibodies specific to artemisinin. The prepared anti-artemisinin MAb-1C1 have a novel characteristic which shows a specificity to compounds that are structurally related to artemisinin such as artesunate (630\%) and dihydroartemisinin (29.9\%). By using MAb-1C1, a specific and reliable ELISA was developed for the detection of compounds structurally related to artemisinin. The system shows a full measuring range from 2 to 20 microg/mL in the case of artemisinin and from 4 to 125 ng/mL in the case of artesunate in the competitive ELISA, and was validated to be of use for surveying and breeding of Artemisia annua containing a high amount of artemisinin as well as for the characterization of the pharmacokinetics of artemisinin and its derivatives. This article was published in Planta Med and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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