Author(s): ElSheikh AH, Alzawahreh AM, Sweileh JA
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Abstract Simultaneous preconcentration of phenol, 2-chlorophenol, 3-chlorophenol, 4-chlorophenol, 2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, and 2,4-dinitrophenol was improved by using olive wood (OW) washed with ethanol then pyrolyzed at 200°C as preconcentrating sorbent. Various OW sorbents were prepared by either washing OW (with ethanol, ether, dichloromethane, tetrahydrofuran or n-hexane); or by pyrolysis (at 100, 150, 200, 250 or 300°C); or by combined pyrolysis/washing. The adsorbents were characterized by elemental analysis, total acidity/basicity, methylene blue relative surface area, point of zero charge, distribution coefficients of the phenols, and sample loading flow rate. It seems that washing and pyrolysis have removed compounds covering the OW pores, which improved the OW porosity and exposed more acidic groups on the OW surface. The pores and the surface acidic groups seem to play major role in phenols sorption. Ethanol-washed OW then pyrolyzed at 200°C gave the best preconcentration performance towards phenols (300 mg sorbent, 150 mL of the sample (pH 7), and elution with 3 mL of acetonitrile). The method was linear up to 100 μg L(-1); limit of quantification: 0.20-0.48 μg L(-1). The method could detect phenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol in industrial wastewater with spiked recovery range from 80.2\% to 91.4\% (± 1.1 to 5.5\%RSD) for all the phenols. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Talanta
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques