alexa Preparation of chitosan beads by simultaneous cross-linking insolubilisation in basic pH. Rheological optimisation and drug loading release behaviour.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Developing Drugs

Author(s): BarreiroIglesias R, Coronilla R, Concheiro A, AlvarezLorenzo C

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Abstract A one-step procedure to prepare chitosan beads by simultaneous cross-linking with glutaraldehyde and insolubilisation in 1.5 M NaOH solution has been developed. The optimisation of the procedure was carried out by monitoring the evolution of the loss and storage moduli of chitosan solutions (1.5\% (w/v), in acetic acid 0.2 M) in the presence of different proportions of glutaraldehyde. Increasing the chitosan molecular weight, glutaraldehyde concentration and/or process temperature from 20 to 37 degrees C, a reduction of time to reach the gel point was observed. The diameter of freshly prepared swollen beads was 3.2+/-0.4 mm and, after drying 0.48+/-0.18 mm. Swollen or previously dried beads were loaded with metronidazole by immersion in 0.1\% (w/v), drug solution in a phosphate buffer pH 7.5, purified water, 0.2 M acetic acid or 0.1 M HCl. Beads synthesised at 37 degrees C experimented faster swelling than the ones prepared at 20 degrees C and even disintegrated in acetic acid. The amounts of metronidazole loaded (ranging from 1 to 286 mg/g dried beads) increased with swelling capacity of beads. The release studies carried out in 0.1 M HCl indicated that, regardless of the medium used to load the beads, all of them released the dose in less than 30 min. In summary, applying this one-step procedure and choosing the adequate glutaraldehyde proportion, it is possible to obtain particles of chitosan cross-linked with itself, which exhibit pH-sensitive swelling and which are able to release all the drug quickly into an acidic environment such as the stomach. The results obtained also highlight the importance of the pH of the medium for modulating the amount of drug loaded (it is remarkably greater at lower pHs) and the influence of temperature at which the beads are prepared on their tendency to disintegrate. This article was published in Eur J Pharm Sci and referenced in Journal of Developing Drugs

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