Author(s): Zimmermann R, Reske S, Metzler P, Schlegel A, Ringwald J,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contaminating white blood cells (WBC) contribute remarkably to the overall growth factor content of locally applicable platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or platelet (PLT) gel and change the relative proportions of the contained growth factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To study the independent effects of locally applicated highly concentrated PLTs, the development of preparations is needed that contain large amounts of PLTs and no or at least very few leucocytes. Therefore, 20 plateletpheresis procedures were performed in voluntary blood donors to get highly concentrated and extremely WBC-poor plateletpheresis concentrates. The degree of spontaneous PLT activation, the PLT aggregation response to agonists and the level of the growth factor TGF-beta1 (transforming growth factor beta1) were measured immediately after the donation and 1 day later. RESULTS: The concentrates contained 1.96 +/- 0.36 x 10e11 PLTs per unit in 55.2 +/- 7.9 ml, respectively. In comparison to the donors' blood, the PLT-enrichment factor was 15.3 +/- 5.4. At the same time, the concentrates contained extremely low residual numbers of WBCs (0.8 +/- 3.3 x 10e3/ml). The concentration of the growth factor TGF-beta1 was 743.2 +/- 243.9 ng/ml. On day 1, the PLT concentration and the TGF-beta1 content of the PLT concentrates had not decreased. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, plateletpheresis is suited to provide PRP products with higher concentrations of human platelets and platelet-derived growth factors than previously reported PRP preparation methods but with extremely low numbers of contaminating leucocytes.
This article was published in Vox Sang
and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research