alexa Prescribing discrepancies likely to cause adverse drug events after patient transfer.


Primary Healthcare: Open Access

Author(s): Boockvar KS, Liu S, Goldstein N, Nebeker J, Siu A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Medication-prescribing discrepancies are used as a quality measure for patients transferred between sites of care. The objective of this study was to quantify the rate of adverse drug events (ADEs) caused by prescribing discrepancies and the discrimination of an index of high-risk transition drug prescribing. METHODS: We examined medical records of patients transferred between seven nursing homes and three hospitals between 1999 and 2005 in New York and Connecticut for transfer-associated prescribing discrepancies. ADEs caused by discrepancies were determined by two clinician raters. We calculated the fraction of medication discrepancies that caused ADEs in each of 22 drug classes by calculating positive predictive values (PPVs). We calculated the discrimination of a count of high-risk drug discrepancies, selected from published lists of high-risk medications and using observed PPVs. RESULTS: 208 patients were hospitalised 304 times. Overall, 65 of 1350 prescribing discrepancies caused ADEs, for a PPV of 0.048 (95\% CI 0.037 to 0.061). PPVs by drug class ranged from 0 to 0.28. Drug classes with the highest PPVs were opioid analgesics, metronidazole, and non-opioid analgesics. Patients with 0, 1-2 and >/=3 high-risk discrepancies had a 13\%, 23\% and 47\% chance of experiencing a discrepancy-related ADE, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Discrepancies in certain drug classes more often caused ADEs than other types of discrepancies in hospitalised nursing-home patients. Information about ADEs caused by medication discrepancies can be used to enhance measurement of care quality, identify high-risk patients and inform the development of decision-support tools at the time of patient transfer.
This article was published in Qual Saf Health Care and referenced in Primary Healthcare: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version