Author(s): NucheBerenguer B, PortalNez S, Moreno P, Gonzlez N, Acitores A,
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Abstract Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) controls glucose metabolism in extrapancreatic tissues through receptors other than the pancreatic cAMP-linked GLP-1 receptor; also, GLP-1 induces an insulin- and PTH-independent bone anabolic action in insulin-resistant and type-2 diabetic rats. Here we searched for the presence and characteristics of GLP-1 receptors in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. [(125)I]-GLP-1 specific binding to MC3T3-E1 cells was time- and temperature-dependent, reaching maximal value at 30 min at 25 degrees C; in these conditions, [(125)I]-GLP-1 binding was dissociable, and displaced by GLP-1, partially by GLP-2, but not by exendin-4 (Ex-4), exendin-9 (Ex-9), glucagon or insulin; Scatchard analysis of the unlabeled GLP-1 data showed high and low affinity binding sites; cross-linking of GLP-1 binding revealed an estimated 70 kDa band, almost undetectable in the presence of 10(-6) M GLP-1. GLP-1, Ex-9, insulin or glucagon failed to modify cellular cAMP content, while GLP-2 and Ex-4 increased it. However, GLP-1 induced an immediate hydrolysis of glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) generating short-lived inositolphosphoglycans (IPGs), and an increase in phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) activities; Ex-4 also affected GPIs, but its action was delayed with respect to that of GLP-1. This incretin was found to decrease Runx2 but increased osteocalcin gene expression, without affecting that of osteoprotegerin or the canonical Wnt pathway activity in MC3T3-E1 cells which do not express the pancreatic GLP-1 receptor. Our data demonstrate for the first time that GLP-1 can directly and functionally interact with osteoblastic cells, possibly through a GPI/IPG-coupled receptor. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Cell Physiol
and referenced in Metabolomics:Open Access