Author(s): Filipiak E, Marchlewska K, Oszukowska E, WalczakJedrzejowska R, SwierczynskaCieplucha A,
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Abstract Urogenital tract infections in males are one of the significant etiological factors in infertility. In this prospective study, 72 patients with abnormal semen parameters or any other symptoms of urogenital tract infection were examined. Semen analysis according to the WHO 2010 manual was performed together with microbial assessment: aerobic bacteria culture, Chlamydia antigen test, Candida culture, Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma-specific culture. In total, 69.4\% of semen samples were positive for at least one micro-organism. Ureaplasma sp. was the most common micro-organism found in 33\% of semen samples of infertile patients with suspected male genital tract infection. The 2nd most common micro-organisms were Enterococcus faecalis (12.5\%) and Escherichia coli (12.5\%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (7\%), Chlamydia trachomatis (7\%) and Candida sp. (5.6\%). Generally, bacteria were sensitive to at least one of the antibiotics tested. No statistically significant relationship was observed between the presence of aerobic micro-organisms in semen and basic semen parameters: volume, pH, concentration, total count, motility, vitality and morphology. © 2014 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
This article was published in Andrologia
and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology