Author(s): Barabas AZ, Cole CD, Barabas AD, Cowan JM, Yoon CS, , Barabas AZ, Cole CD, Barabas AD, Cowan JM, Yoon CS,
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Abstract Summary Diffuse distribution of small, faintly staining, beaded deposits of rat immunoglobulin M (IgM) around the glomerular capillary blood vessels, and a more intensely staining larger deposition in the mesangium, were observed on the kidney sections of normal rats. As glomerular-fixed nephritogenic antigens are known to be present on the epithelial aspect of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM), especially at the soles of foot processes and at the slit pores, it was assumed that the IgM antibodies were directed against these antigens. Investigation by immunofluorescent antibody double-staining techniques of rat kidney sections obtained from normal and rabbit anti-FX1A-injected rats stained for the nephritogenic antigen showed that a number of antigenic sites in the glomeruli and in the mesangium shared antibody hits by heterologous rabbit IgG and autologous rat IgM antibodies. Most sites in the glomeruli stained specifically for rat IgM or rabbit IgG, but preferentially for the latter. The intensely fluorescent mesangial deposits stained mainly for rat IgM, indicating that at these sites the antigenic material was virtually saturated, while areas at the entry to the mesangial space also stained for rabbit IgG, indicating that at these locations free nephritogenic epitopes were still available for reaction with the anti-FX1A antibody. Western blot analysis have shown that the rabbit anti-rat FX1A IgG and the rat anti-rat KF3 IgM antibodies are directed against the same renal tubular-derived antigen with a molecular weight of 70,000. These experimental findings collectively demonstrate that the heterologous IgG and autologous IgM antibodies are directed against the same nephritogenic antigen, which is found in the glomeruli, the mesangium and the proximal convoluted tubules. Thus, the IgM autoantibody has a possible physiological role but, in addition, there is evidence of active immunophagocytic events, manifested in a rapid and continuous entrapment and expulsion of macromolecules after their processing by the mesangial cells of normal and passive Heymann nephritis rats.
This article was published in Int J Exp Pathol
and referenced in Immunome Research