alexa Presentation of exogenous antigens by macrophages: analysis of major histocompatibility complex class I and II presentation and regulation by cytokines.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): KovacsovicsBankowski M, Rock KL

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Abstract There is an antigen presenting cell (APC) in the lymphoid organs capable of presenting exogenous antigen (Ag) with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. This study was initiated to isolate clones of these APC to definitively establish their phenotype and to further study their properties. Murine bone marrow macrophages (BM M psi) were immortalized by overexpression myc and raf oncogenes. Five BM M psi cell lines were generated that are phagocytic and expressed at their surface M psi differentiation Ag. All five cell lines processed and presented exogenous ovalbumin (OVA) with MHC class I molecules. They all presented OVA-linked to a phagocytic substrate 10(2)-10(4)-fold more efficiently than soluble Ag. Clonal isolates of two of the M psi cell lines had an identical phenotype and functional properties as the uncloned lines. These results definitively establish that M psi are APC with the capacity of presenting exogenous Ag with MHC class I molecules. Interferon (IFN)-gamma interleukin-4, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and lipopolysaccharide either alone or in combination induced little or no augmentation and in some cases decreased presentation of exogenous OVA with MHC class I. In contrast, all of M psi activating factors increased MHC class I expression. Moreover, IFN-gamma increased the presentation of cytosolic OVA, demonstrating differences between the presentation of cytosolic Ag versus exogenous Ag with MHC class I. Finally, some lines constitutively processed and presented exogenous OVA with MHC class II while others only presented after stimulation with IFN-gamma. These results demonstrate that the pathways involved in the presentation of exogenous Ag with MHC class I and class II are independently regulated and that a cloned cell is capable of presenting exogenous Ag through both pathways. This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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