Author(s): Wright EA, Payne KA, Jowitt TA, Howard M, Morgan PB,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Tear film proteins have antimicrobial and other functions that may be lost after denaturation during contact lens wear. A new multipurpose solution has recently become available (Biotrue, Bausch + Lomb Inc., Rochester, NY), which contains protein-stabilizing agents including hyaluronic acid, poloxamine, and sulfobetaine 10, the latter used previously as a laboratory tool to renature proteins. We examine whether this new multipurpose solution formulation can prevent the denaturation of human lactoferrin and lysozyme at physiologic levels in response to a powerful denaturing challenge. METHODS: Human lactoferrin and lysozyme were treated with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) either with or without an investigational version of the new multipurpose solution (without its two disinfectant agents) (investigational multipurpose solution [iMPS]). The structure was assessed by native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and fluorometry; additionally, antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus was measured. RESULTS: The iMPS prevented an SDS-induced shift in the native-PAGE banding position of lactoferrin. The SDS treatment substantially altered the lactoferrin DSC and fluorescence spectra, indicating that the protein had denatured. This change did not occur in the presence of iMPS. Lactoferrin and lysozyme showed antibacterial and bacteriolytic activity, which was abolished after SDS treatment; this loss of activity did not occur for proteins treated with iMPS. CONCLUSIONS: These data clearly show that the iMPS prevents the denaturation of physiologic levels of human lactoferrin and lysozyme by the strongly denaturing surfactant SDS and that stabilized proteins retain their function. We conclude that this solution has the capacity to stabilize the structure and function of tear proteins.
This article was published in Eye Contact Lens
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access