alexa Pressure-dependent hydrogen permeability extended for metal membranes not obeying the square-root law.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Membrane Science & Technology

Author(s): Hara S, Ishitsuka M, Suda H, Mukaida M, Haraya K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Hydrogen permeability of metal membranes is generally defined by the square-root law, as the proportional coefficient of permeation flux to the square-root difference of the pressures on both sides of the membrane. However, deviation from the law has been widely reported for palladium, niobium, etc. Although n-th power instead of the square root has often been employed to determine permeability for these membranes, it has no theoretical base. These approaches do not consider concentration dependency of hydrogen diffusivity in the membrane. This study theoretically extended the definition of permeability by taking it into account, where square root of pressure was used throughout. The resultant permeability depended on pressure. This approach had the following four characteristics. First, the permeability could be qualitatively linked with pressure-dependent solution and diffusion coefficients. For this purpose, the solution coefficient was also extended from Sieverts' law. Second, the permeability could be easily evaluated from permeation flux dependent on feed-side pressure, usually measured in membrane study. Third, this approach enabled comparison of permeation ability irrespective of obeying permeation law. Fourth, permeation flux could be estimated for any pressure conditions visually and analytically. Thus, analytically estimated values were more precise than those using the conventional square-root law. These characteristics are successfully demonstrated using experimental results obtained not only for a palladium membrane in this study but also for palladium and niobium membranes in the literature. This article was published in J Phys Chem B and referenced in Journal of Membrane Science & Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords