alexa Preterm birth and the kidney: implications for long-term renal health.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Gubhaju L

Abstract Share this page

Although the majority of preterm neonates now survive infancy, there is emerging epidemiological evidence to demonstrate that individuals born preterm exhibit an elevated risk for the development of hypertension and renal impairment later in life, thus supporting the developmental origins of health and disease hypothesis. The increased risk may potentially be attributed to a negative impact of preterm birth on nephron endowment. Indeed, at the time when most preterm neonates are delivered, nephrogenesis in the kidney is still ongoing with the majority of nephrons normally formed during the third trimester of pregnancy. A number of clinical studies have provided evidence of altered renal function during the neonatal period, but to date there have been limited studies describing the consequences of preterm birth on kidney structure. Importantly, studies in the preterm baboon have shown that nephrogenesis is clearly ongoing following preterm birth; however, the presence of abnormal glomeruli (up to 18% in some cases) is of concern. Similar glomerular abnormalities have been described in autopsied preterm infants. Prenatal and postnatal factors such as exposure to certain medications, hyperoxia and intrauterine and/or extrauterine growth restriction are likely to have a significant influence on nephrogenesis and final nephron endowment. Further studies are required to determine the factors contributing to renal maldevelopment and to identify potential interventional strategies to maximize nephron endowment at the start of life, thereby optimizing long-term renal health for preterm individuals.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Reprod Sci. and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 20th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology
    December 04-06, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords