alexa Pretreatment with black tea polyphenols modulates xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in an experimental oral carcinogenesis model.

Author(s): Vidjaya Letchoumy P, Chandra Mohan KV, Stegeman JJ, Gelboin HV, Hara Y,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive potential of the black tea polyphenols Polyphenon-B and BTF-35 during the preinitiation phase of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster buccal pouch (HBP) carcinogenesis. Hamsters were divided into six groups. Animals in groups 2 and 3 received diet containing Polyphenon-B and BTF-35, respectively, 4 weeks before carcinogen administration when they were 6 weeks of age and continued until the final exposure to carcinogen. At 10 weeks of age, animals in groups 1, 2, and 3 were painted with 0.5\% DMBA three times a week for 14 weeks. Animals in groups 4 and 5 were given Polyphenon-B and BTF-35 alone, respectively, as in groups 2 and 3. Animals in group 6 served as control. All the animals were sacrificed after an experimental period of 18 weeks. Phase I and phase II xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes and 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) in the buccal pouch and liver were used as biomarkers of chemoprevention. Hamsters painted with DMBA showed increased expression of 8-OH-dG and enhanced activities of phase I (CYP450; total as well as CYP1A1, 1A2, and 2B isoforms and cytochrome b5) and phase II (GST and quinone reductase) xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes with increased immunohistochemical expression of CYP1A1, and CYP1B1 isoforms in the buccal pouch. This was accompanied by increased phase I and decreased phase II enzyme activities in the liver. Administration of Polyphenon-B and BTF-35 significantly decreased tumor incidence, oxidative DNA damage, phase I enzyme activities as well as expression of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 isoforms, while enhancing phase II enzyme activities in the buccal pouch and liver. Our results provide a mechanistic basis for the chemopreventive potential of black tea polyphenols. Furthermore, the greater efficacy of BTF-35 in chemoprevention of HBP carcinomas via inhibition of oxidative DNA damage and modulation of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes may have a major impact in human oral cancer prevention.
This article was published in Oncol Res and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords