Author(s): Ikome LE, Ndamukong KJ, Kimbi H
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Abstract A study was carried out in Limbe and its environs to determine the prevalence of cerebral malaria vis- a- vis uncomplicated malaria, and to assess the importance of parasitaemia level, packed cell volume and hypoglucaemia as predictors of cerebral malaria. Data were obtained using a questionnaire administered to 650 people aged between 6 months and 70 years, and by a case-control study on 90 people (30 cases and 60 controls) aged between 6 months and fifteen years. The results of the questionnaire study revealed uncomplicated malaria prevalence rate of 50.9\% as against 7.1\% for cerebral malaria. The highest prevalence of these infections occurred in the 0-5 years age group, dropping in people aged 16 years and above. The case-control study revealed high parasitaemia (100,000-500,000 parasites/mm3 of blood) in uncomplicated malaria patients and hyperparasitaemia (>500,000 parasites/mm3 of blood) in cerebral malaria patients. Patients with uncomplicated malaria had either normal haemoglobin (PCV<18\%). Hypoglycaemia (>40 mg glucose/dl) was recorded in 12.9\%of cerebral malaria patients, but in none of the patients with uncomplicated malaria.
This article was published in Afr J Health Sci
and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology