Author(s): Rozi S, Akhtar S, Ali S, Khan J
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Abstract Our objective was to estimate the prevalence and evaluate factors associated with smoking among high school adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in three towns in Karachi, namely, Gadap Town, Bin-Qasim Town and Malir Town, from January through May 2003. Two-stage cluster sampling stratified by school type was employed to select schools and students. We recruited and interviewed 772 male students regarding socio-demographic factors, smoking history of students, their families/friends, number of siblings, and place of residence. The prevalence of smoking (30 days) among adolescents was 13.7\%. Final multiple logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, ethnicity, and place of residence, being a student at a government school (OR=1.6; 95\% Cl: 1.0-2.7), parental smoking (OR = 1.7; 95\% Cl: 1.1-2.8), uncle smoking (OR = 1.7; 95\% Cl: 1.2-2.8), peer smoking (OR = 6.2; 95\% Cl: 3.9-9.9), and spending leisure time outside home (OR = 3.9; 95\% Cl 1.2-13.2) were significantly associated with adolescent smoking.
This article was published in Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health
and referenced in Arts and Social Sciences Journal