Author(s): Ortiz MI, RangelFlores E, CarrilloAlarcn LC, VerasGodoy HA
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors affecting the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in a group of Mexican students.
METHOD: A questionnaire was administered to 1152 high school students and the obtained data about severity, symptoms, and medications used were analyzed.
RESULTS: Dysmenorrhea had a prevalence of 48.4% and was the cause of school absences for 24% of the affected students. It was mild in 32.9%, moderate in 49.7%, and severe in 17.4% of these students, of whom 28% consulted a physician and 60.9% self-medicated. The most common over-the-counter drugs used were a combination of paracetamol, pamabrom and pyrilamine maleate; metamizol (a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) plus butylhioscine; and naproxen. We found a significant correlation between the presence of dysmenorrhea and smoking, cycle pattern, cycle duration, flow duration, and amount of flow.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was high in our sample. The condition caused short-term school absences and the students commonly addressed it by self-medicating.Gynecology & Obstetrics