Author(s): Bozkurt H, Coskun M, Ayaydin H, Adak I, Zoroglu SS
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Abstract AIM: To investigate prevalence and patterns of psychiatric disorders in young subjects with Internet addiction (IA). METHODS: Subjects were taken from a sample of patients, aged 10-18 years old, referred to Istanbul Medical Faculty, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department due to a variety of behavioral and emotional problems alongside problematic Internet use. Inclusion criteria included IQ ≥70 and score ≥80 on Young's Internet Addiction Scale (YIAS). Psychiatric comorbidity was assessed using the Turkish version of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version. RESULTS: Subjects were 45 boys (75\%) and 15 girls (25\%) with an age range of 10-18 years old (mean age, 13.38 ± 1.79 years). A total of 60\% (n = 36) had been using Internet for ≥5 years. Mean hours/week spent on the Internet was 53.7 (range, 30-105 h) and the average YIAS score was 85. All subjects (100\%) had at least one and 88.3\% (n = 53) had at least two comorbid psychiatric disorders. The frequency of diagnostic groups were as follows: behavioral disorder, n = 52 (86.7\%); anxiety disorder, n = 43 (71.7\%); mood disorder, n = 23 (38.3\%); elimination disorder, n = 16 (26.7\%); tic disorder, n = 10 (16.7\%); and substance use disorder, n = 4 (6.7\%). The most common psychiatric disorders were attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (n = 53; 83.3\%), social phobia (n = 21; 35.0\%) and major depressive disorder (n = 18; 30.0\%). CONCLUSION: High rates of psychiatric comorbidity, particularly behavioral, anxiety and mood disorders were found in young subjects with IA. Because the presence of psychiatric disorders may affect the management /prognosis of IA, assessment should include that for other psychiatric disorders. © 2013 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2013 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology.
This article was published in Psychiatry Clin Neurosci
and referenced in Bipolar Disorder: Open Access