alexa Prevalence and predictors of essential hypertension in the rural population of Haryana, India: an hospital based study
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

Author(s): SUMEET GUPTA, BIMAL K AGRAWAL, PRABODH K SEHAJPAL, RAJESH K GOEL

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Background: Pooling of epidemiological studies shows that hypertension is present in at least 25% of urban and 10% of rural adults in India. Prevalence of essential hypertension in the rural region Mullana block in the state of Haryana, India, has never been carried out. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of essential hypertension amongst this population, as well as investigating diseases and risk factors involved it its aetiology. Methods: An hospital based retrospective study was carried out investigating the demographic details of disease history of patients during the period June 2003 to September 2006 at M. M. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research. From a total of 2295 patients, 876 were identified as having essential hypertension. Age and sex matched essential hypertensive and normotensives patients were involved in a prospective study between December 2006 and June 2007. Results: Amongst the hospital based patients the overall prevalence of essential hypertension was 38.2%. The prevalence was 59.2% and 40.8% among males and females, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that the risk of essential hypertension was significantly associated with body mass index, smoking status and a family history of essential hypertension. Conclusion: The prevalence of essential hypertension in the rural region Mullana block, Haryana, was higher than previously reported. Implementation of an effective awareness programme including lifestyle modification is necessary to control the cardiovascular disease burden in this population.

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This article was published in J Rural Trop Public Health and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

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