Author(s): Tsai YF, Yeh SH, Tsai HH
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Depression in the elderly has become a serious health care issue worldwide. However, no studies have determined the prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms among a representative sample of community-dwelling elders in Taiwan. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms among community-dwelling elders in Taiwan. METHODS: Stratified random sampling was used to recruit a representative sample of 1200 elderly participants from northern, middle, southern, and eastern regions of Taiwan. RESULTS: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 27.5\%. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that having a respiratory disease, poor cognitive function, poor social support network, dissatisfaction with living situation, perception of poor health status, and perceived income inadequacy were significant predictors of depressive symptoms in this sample. CONCLUSIONS: The risk factors for depression identified in this study need to be considered when assessing the health of elderly persons. In addition, interventions to reduce depressive symptoms in elders should include strategies to change some of these modifiable risk factors. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This article was published in Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research