Author(s): Gharbi M, Akrout M, Zouari B
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was analyzed from a baseline survey of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a random sample of the 35-50-year old population of the Gouvernorat of Nabeul, Tunisia. METHODS: Diabetes was assessed on the basis of an interview and fasting blood glucose level among a sample of 692 men and women (35\% aged 35-40 years, 30\% aged 40-45 years, 35\% aged 45-50 years). RESI;TS: Forty-six percent of the sample were men. The prevalence of diabetes was 7.2\%; two-thirds of the identified cases of diabetes were known. The prevalence of diabetes was much higher in the urban area (9.3\% in men and 10.4\% in women) compared with the rural area (2.0\% in men and 4.5\% in women). Mean body mass index was significantly different (p<0.01) between normal and diabetic subjects. Hypertension was three times higher in diabetic subjects (33\%) than in normal subjects (9\%). Triglycerides level was higher in diabetic subjects (1.92+/-1.72mmol/l) compared with non-diabetic subjects (1.29+/-1.02mmol/l). There was a positive relation between blood glucose level and triglycerides level, independently of obesity in women, but dependently in men. CONCLUSION: In the Tunisian population, known to have a low level of cardiovascular risk factors, the relationships between diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and lipid abnormalities are similar to those observed in Western populations.
This article was published in Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique
and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research