alexa Prevalence and type of pre-analytical problems for inpatients samples in coagulation laboratory.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Neonatal Biology

Author(s): Salvagno GL, Lippi G, Bassi A, Poli G, Guidi GC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Total quality in coagulation testing is a necessary requisite to achieve clinically reliable results. Evidence was provided that poor standardization in the extra-analytical phases of the testing process has the greatest influence on test results, though little information is available so far on prevalence and type of pre-analytical variability in coagulation testing. METHODS: The present study was designed to describe all pre-analytical problems on inpatients routine and stat samples recorded in our coagulation laboratory over a 2-year period and clustered according to their source (hospital departments). RESULTS: Overall, pre-analytic problems were identified in 5.5\% of the specimens. Although the highest frequency was observed for paediatric departments, in no case was the comparison of the prevalence among the different hospital departments statistically significant. The more frequent problems could be referred to samples not received in the laboratory following a doctor's order (49.3\%), haemolysis (19.5\%), clotting (14.2\%) and inappropriate volume (13.7\%). Specimens not received prevailed in the intensive care unit, surgical and clinical departments, whereas clotted and haemolysed specimens were those most frequently recorded from paediatric and emergency departments, respectively. The present investigation demonstrates a high prevalence of pre-analytical problems affecting samples for coagulation testing. CONCLUSIONS: Full implementation of a total quality system, encompassing a systematic error tracking system, is a valuable tool to achieve meaningful information on the local pre-analytic processes most susceptible to errors, enabling considerations on specific responsibilities and providing the ideal basis for an efficient feedback within the hospital departments. This article was published in J Eval Clin Pract and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Donald silverberg
    Is correction of iron deficiency a new addition to the treatment of heart failure?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed Zeidan
    Effects of intravenous iron in chronic kidney disease and heart failure
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ishfaq A Bukhari
    Protective Effect of Diltiazem and Fenofibrate Against Ischemia-reperfusion Induced Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Isolated Rat Heart.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • A Martin Gerdes
    Wrong about β-blockers! Wrong about positive inotropes! Wrong about Thyroid Hormone treatment of Heart Failure?
    PDF Version
  • Fatih Yalcin
    EARLY IMAGING BIOMARKER IN REMODELING DUE TO HEART FAILURE
    PDF Version
  • Samuel C Dudley
    Novel biomarkers for diastolic heart failure
    PDF Version
  • Abdulaziz U Joury
    Acute Myocardial Infarction as First Presentation among patients with Coronary Heart Disease
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Helena Dominguez
    Can we protect the brain against thromboembolism during open heart surgery? LAACS project
    PDF Version
  • Saverio Gentile
    Ion channels phosphorylopathy: 3rd International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology April 15-17, 2013 A link between genomic variations and heart arrhythmia
    PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

  • 29th World Neonatal Nursing and Maternal Healthcare Congress
    August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  • 2nd International Conference on Pediatric Neurology
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Prague, Czech Republic
  • 10th World Pediatric Congress
    September 28-29, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • Infancy, Child Nutrition & Development (ICND)
    October 16-18, 2017 (20 Forums, 3 Days- 1 Event) New York, USA
  • 20th International Conference on Neonatology and Perinatology
    December 04-06, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords