Author(s): Li JP, Zhou HJ, Yuan L, He T, Hu SH
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Abstract This study was conducted to determine genetic diversity and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Staphylococcus aureus recovered from bovine mastitis in Zhejiang Province, China. Out of 3178 quarter milk samples from 846 lactating cows, among which 459 cows (54.3\%) were found HMT positive, 890 quarters (28\%) were found having subclinical mastitis. From 75 representative S. aureus isolates, 16 distinct types were identified by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Four major PFGE types (A, B, C, and D) accounted for 82.7\% of all isolates, and type A (41.3\%) was observed in multiple herds across the studied areas. Each region was found to have a predominant type: Hangzhou type A (64.1\%), Ningbo type C (34.5\%) and type B (23.1\%), Jinhua type D (53.3\%), and Taizhou type C (62.5\%). Results of antimicrobial susceptibility tests showed that 90.7\% of the isolates were resistant to at least one antimicrobial. Resistance to penicillin and ampicillin (77.3\%), tetracycline (60.0\%), or erythromycin (48.0\%) was observed. The bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics such as penicillin, ampicillin, tetracycline, and erythromycin were commonly found. The information obtained from this study is useful for designing specific control programs for bovine S. aureus mastitis in this region.
This article was published in J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
and referenced in Advances in Dairy Research