alexa Prevalence of anal intraepithelial neoplasia defined by anal cytology screening and high-resolution anoscopy in a primary care population of HIV-infected men and women.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Weis SE, Vecino I, Pogoda JM, Susa JS, Nevoit J, , Weis SE, Vecino I, Pogoda JM, Susa JS, Nevoit J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Prevalence of high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia, the human papillomavirus-associated putative anal cancer precursor, is high in HIV-infected men who have sex with men, but less is known about its prevalence in other HIV-infected subgroups. Similarly, the prevalence of abnormal cytology, used as a screen, is not well-defined in these subgroups. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of abnormal cytology and anal intraepithelial neoplasia in a primary care HIV-infected population. DESIGN: This investigation was designed as a cross-sectional study. SETTING: This study took place at a Ryan White-funded clinic. PATIENTS: Included in the study were all (n = 779) HIV-infected patients receiving primary care services between March 2006 and March 2008. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measures were anal cytology and high-resolution anoscopy results. RESULTS: The prevalence of abnormal cytology was 43\%: 62\% in men who reported receptive anal intercourse, 39\% in women who reported receptive anal intercourse, and 25\% in all others (P trend <.0001). High-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia prevalence was 27\%: 44\% in men who reported receptive anal intercourse, 26\% in women who reported receptive anal intercourse, and 10\% in all others (P trend <.0001). Two patients had squamous-cell cancer. Independent predictors of dysplasia were CD4 at screening, receptive anal intercourse, sexual orientation, and history of human papillomavirus disease. Anal cytology and histology findings were not well correlated. LIMITATIONS: The study population may not be representative of the general HIV-infected population, there were differences between screened and unscreened patients and between patients with abnormal cytology who had high-resolution anoscopy and those who did not, only patients with abnormal cytology had high-resolution anoscopy, and there were possible misclassification errors and uncontrolled possible confounders. CONCLUSIONS: High-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia is relatively common in HIV-infected patients regardless of sexual practice. Although risk increases with receptive anal intercourse, patient-provided information on this sexual practice should not be used as a determining factor for screening. Strategies to prevent anal cancer are necessary for all HIV-infected patients. This article was published in Dis Colon Rectum and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version