alexa Prevalence of hepatitis B and C in the sera of patients with HIV infection in São Paulo, Brazil.


Virology & Mycology

Author(s): MendesCorra MC, Barone AA, Cavalheiro Nd, Tengan FM, Guastini C

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Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses in a group of HIV infected patients, followed at a single institution since 1996. 1,693 HIV positive patients (1,162 male, 531 female) were tested for HBV infection. Virological markers for HBV included HBsAg and total anti-HBc by ELISA. 1,457 patients (1,009 male, 448 female) were tested for HCV infection. Detection of HCV antibodies was carried out by ELISA. A sample of HCV antibody positive patients was tested for HCV by PCR to confirm infection. Of 1,693 patients tested for HBV, 654 (38.6\%) and 96 (5.7\%) were anti-HBc and HBsAg positive, respectively. Of 1, 457 patients tested for HCV, 258 (17.7\%) were anti-HCV positive. 82 of these patients were also tested by PCR and 81 were positive (98\%). Of 1,411 patients tested for HBV and HCV 26 (1.8\%) were positive for both viruses.
This article was published in Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo and referenced in Virology & Mycology

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